Seniors are prone to develop certain lower back pain (LBP) pathologies given their age-related physical and psychosocial changes.

This current review aimed to identify and summarise the common causes and risk factors of developing severe/chronic LBP in older adults.

The review found that prevalence rates of severe and chronic LBP increase with older age.

Additionally, various age-related physical, psychological and mental changes (e.g. spinal degeneration, age-related changes in central pain processing, and dementia) as well as risk factors (such as genetic pain sensitivity, female gender and low socio-economic status) may also affect the prognosis and management of LBP in older adults.


Wong, A. Y. L., Karppinen, J., & Samartzis, D. (2017). Low back pain in older adults: Risk factors, management options and future directions. Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders, 12. Doi: 10.1186/s13013-017-0121-3