Lumbar Sprain/Strain

Lumbar Sprain/Strain

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What is Lumbar Sprain/Strain?

It is a soft tissue stretch or rupture causing damage to the ligaments and muscles surrounding the lumbar spine, sacrum and pelvis regions i.e. lower back region.

The grade of the sprain/strain is dependent on severity of injury.

What are the symptoms of Lumbar Sprain / Strain?

You usually experience:

  • Pain in the lower back immediately or shortly after an injury
  • Lower back pain which may radiate into the lower middle back or into the buttocks
  • Reduced range of motion.

What are the causes of Lumbar Sprain/Strain?

These include:

  • Direct trauma such as falls, motor vehicle accidents, and sports injuries
  • Overuse, fatigue, and repetitive microtrauma
  • Postural Causes such as increase or decrease of lumbar lordosis, prolonged stressful postures with desk and computer work
  • Sudden unguarded movement
  • Additional factors such as muscle imbalances, prior injuries, uneven leg lengths, and inappropriate increase in training regime.

If I experience lower back pain from Lumbar Sprain / Strain, what can I do?

  • Ice to the affected area. Click this link for duration
  • Rest
  • Use of a back brace, however, this should not be used long-term
  • Non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) – it is best to check with GP or pharmacist before use

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