This study aimed to determine the immediate impact of lumbar spine manipulation on pain for those with low back pain (LBP).

Sixty-eight participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 interventions – the first being a manipulation group, and the other having receiving no manipulation.

Results demonstrated that for the manipulation group, following a single lumbar spine manipulation, pain scores significantly decreased.


Ward, J., Tyer, K., & Pourmoghaddam, A. (2018). Immediate influence of lumbar spine manipulation on pain, functional reach, static balance, and walking gait kinematics of individuals with acute low back pain. Chiropractic Journal of Australia, 46, 135-150.